There is no such thing as a doubt that the IT trade is topic to the vagaries of fashions and buzzwords… However does the “Info Expertise Authorities” (or IT Governance) signify a brand new development? For my part, no, reasonably it’s about naming a set of needed practices that sadly haven’t typically been included within the administration methods of CIOs.
IT Governance is an integral a part of Company Governance, and includes aligning IT processes and assets with the Group’s goals. This level, which is simple to incorporate in any definition of goals, is the true core of a profitable IT technique…. as a result of it shouldn’t be forgotten that the that means and purpose for IT in most firms is contribute worth to the enterprise of the corporate, and never simply offer you assist.
And within the definition above, the secret is «to line up«. If we bear in mind our days as college students, there was an idea that made the that means of this phrase very clear: the resultant of forces. This time period, expressed merely, described the route and general power ensuing from taking as a set a sequence of disparate parts. Within the case at hand, concerning IT governance, it refers to the place every of the areas of an Group “pulls”, and often takes this way:
In lots of instances, what occurs is that the trouble is blurred, since though everybody works giving their finest, it’s completed with no clear information and imaginative and prescient of what’s the most helpful for the group. Nevertheless, in an surroundings the place everyone seems to be pushing in the identical route, the resultant power is of larger magnitude and within the actual route that’s desired.
After this graphic definition, I wish to begin with this sequence of posts devoted to the Authorities of Expertise, defining it and describing its most related traits. Once we speak about regular IT governance:
- Strategic alignment: IT should be designed from the start to assist and assist the Group’s technique, establishing priorities that clearly hyperlink IT plans with the corporate’s strategic goals (outlined in a Balance Scorecard or Balanced Scorecard, for instance), figuring out duties and duties.
- Worth supply: It’s about executing the beforehand outlined strategic plan, validating and demonstrating that IT is successfully providing advantages to the group (and never pondering in yuppie worlds, because it typically occurs). It additionally talks in regards to the optimization of purchases, however right here from the strategic viewpoint, that’s, it’s not solely in regards to the spending being optimum, however about validating whether or not this spending is important, in a method reasoned (we’ll speak about ROI, lies and videotapes) .
- Useful resource administration: Its goal is the environment friendly definition and administration of IT assets, which often contains functions, info, infrastructures and naturally, individuals (the nice forgotten ones, which we are going to attempt to rescue on this weblog). At this level, particular consideration can be paid to some key parts, such because the optimization of data and infrastructures.
- Danger administration: The primary rules oblige (legally) senior administration to know the operational danger the group faces, and to simply accept the residual danger that they determine (and face the implications of it materializing). This level due to this fact offers with the ICT element of operational danger and seeks to make sure that IT complies with each relevant rules and legal guidelines and with present inner insurance policies, that the group has the suitable degree of transparency and that duties on this matter are met. assigned and identified (blessed RACI matrices).
- Efficiency measurement: It tries to measure and know always the standing and diploma of implementation of the outlined technique or plan, in response to the altering wants of the group. For this, parts such because the standing of initiatives, course of efficiency, useful resource use and financial points or service supply should be monitored frequently (usually by service degree administration and related variables) … the CIO should take into account not solely the strategic method but additionally what compliance with it’s being in every of those dimensions, so as to have the ability to reply in an agile strategy to modifications within the enterprise.
There are a number of IT governance frameworks, every with its lights and shadows, however undoubtedly probably the most related are CobiT (Management Aims for Info and associated Expertise of ISACA), ISO/IEC 38500:2008 (Company governance of knowledge know-how, primarily based on Australian commonplace AS8015) … ValIT (created by IT Governance Institute – ITGI) can be very fascinating, since it’s positioned at the next degree and relates the supply of worth and investments in IT with company governance.
Quoting actually the wikipedia: «Val IT focuses on determination to speculate (Are we doing the fitting factor?) And the revenue taking (Are we making a revenue?), Whereas COBIT is targeted on the execution (Are we doing it appropriately, and are we doing it effectively?). »
There are others Frames of administration de TI that we are going to not talk about right this moment, which might be linked to IT governance however whose “bulk” is at a decrease degree and focuses on the administration of sure processes or points of IT administration (ITIL, ISO 20,000, ISO 27001, ISO 27999, ISO 25999… and many others.).